My research explores the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging biotechnologies, with a focus on developments in neurology and neuroscience. I study questions that are of interest to bioethics (and specifically neuroethics) using an interdisciplinary toolbox comprised not only of qualitative and quantitative sociological methods, but also historical and legal approaches. My work focuses on issues with immediate practical relevance, with an ambition to inform policy. Publications are listed below; also visit my Google Scholar profile for the most current list.
Wexler, Anna. (2018). Who Uses Direct-to-Consumer Brain Stimulation Products, and Why? A Study of Home Users of tDCS Devices. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement 2(1)114-134.
Rafael Yuste, Sara Goering... Anna Wexler, Meredith Whittaker, Jonathan Wolpaw (2017) . Four ethical priorities for neurotechnologies and AI. Nature , 551(7679): 159-163.
A. Antal, I. Alekseichuk, M. Bikson, ... A. Wexler, U. Ziemann, M. Hallett, and W. Paulus. (2017). Low intensity transcranial electric stimulation: Safety, ethical, legal regulatory and application guidelines. Clinical Neurophysiology, 128(9): 1774-1809.
Wexler, Anna. (2017). The Social Context of “Do-It-Yourself” Brain Stimulation: Neurohackers, Biohackers, and Lifehackers. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2017.00224
Wexler, Anna. (2017). The Medical Battery in the United States 1870-1920: Electrotherapy at Home and in the Clinic. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 72(2)166-192.
Wexler, Anna, and Hamilton, Roy H. (2017). Crowdsourced tDCS Research: Feasible or Fanciful? American Journal of Bioethics-Neuroscience 8(1):50-53.
Wexler, Anna. (2017). Recurrent Themes in the History of the Home Use of Electrical Stimulation: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and the Medical Battery (1870-1920). Brain Stimulation 10(2):187-195.
Wexler, Anna. (2016). Seeding Controversy: Did Israel Invent the Cherry Tomato? Gastronomica: the Journal of Critical Food Studies 16(2):1-11. (Download PDF)
The product of a multi-year investigation into the veracity of the Israeli government's claims to have "invented" the cherry tomato. The folks at Gastropod did an excellent full-length episode based on this piece, which was covered in the The Atlantic, Smithsonian, and Ha'aretz.
Wexler, Anna. (2016). The practices of do-it-yourself brain stimulation: implications for ethical considerations and regulatory proposals. Journal of Medical Ethics, 42(4):211-215.
Wexler, Anna. (2015). A pragmatic analysis of the regulation of consumer transcranial direct current stimulation devices in the United States. Journal of Law and the Biosciences 2(3):669-696.
*selected for peer commentary
Catherine E. Kerr, Stephanie R. Jones, Qian Wan, Dominique L. Pritchett, Rachel H. Wasserman, Anna Wexler, Joel J. Villanueva, Jessica R. Shaw, Sara W. Lazar, Ted J. Kaptchuk, Ronnie Littenberg, Matti S. Hämäläinen, Christopher I. Moore. (2011). Effects of mindfulness meditation training on anticipatory alpha modulation in primary somatosensory cortex. Brain Research Bulletin. 85 (3-4):96-103.
ScienceDaily article; link to Technology Review article.
Wexler, Anna & Saxe, Rebecca. (2005). Making sense of another mind: the role of the right temporo-parietal junction. Neuropsychologia 43(10):1391-1399. (Download PDF)